Make sure your setup first meets these prerequisites before you choose a tutorial. These are processes you need to complete, tools and applications you must install, or other information you need to know before getting started.
The prerequisites on this page apply to all Location Services tutorials. Each tutorial provides any additional information needed for that component or method.
Accounts and authentication
Toolchain and applications
The tutorials use the following tools and applications:
- nRF Connect for Desktop.
- nRF Connect for VS Code.
- A tool to use the APIs. Examples in the API references use cURL but you can use another interface if you want. See REST client tools for more information on API tools.
- Asset Tracker v2.
- Location sample.
- Modem Shell sample.
The guides and tutorials in this section are written for devices using the nRF9160 SiP unless otherwise specified.
The reference hardware for the tutorials is the nRF9160 DK.
Your device must have an active SIM card and LTE module.
Using MCELL requires nRF Connect SDK v1.8.0 or later and modem firmware v1.3.0 or later.
A-GPS and P-GPS
Your device must have a GPS module. The nRF9160 DK has an onboard GNSS receiver.
|MQTT||Mutual TLS||Requires certificate and cloud provisioning.|
|REST||JSON Web Token (JWT)||Does not require certificate and cloud provisioning. Can be used by proxy servers on behalf of devices they serve (requires a Pro or Enterprise plan). If you want to try this service for 30 days over REST, you can create a temporary evaluation token.|
To use MQTT, you must create X.509 device certificates and provision your device on nRF Cloud:
- Create and provision the device certificates.
- Provision the devices to your account.
- Follow the steps in the docs for the relevant Location Service libraries in the nRF Connect SDK.
When using nRF Cloud REST-based Location Service endpoints, cloud provisioning is optional, as are device certificates.
JWTs are used for authentication. Include the token in the
Authorization header in calls to Location Services REST endpoints. For example, using cURL:
Authorization: Bearer <your_token>.
Authentication for proxy servers
If you are using Location Services over REST, you are likely using a proxy server in a cloud-to-cloud integration. You can use an evaluation token to temporarily evaluate the services and test your setup.
If you are using nRF Cloud through a proxy server beyond the trial period, a JWT signed with a service key is required for each component of Location Services. Cloud-to-cloud use of nRF Cloud requires a Pro or Enterprise plan.
See more information on generating service keys.
Authentication for devices
This is for device-to-cloud operations.
If you have successfully provisioned and connected your device to nRF Cloud, you do not need to do any additional steps for authentication.
The following steps apply if you are using the REST API without provisioning your devices on nRF Cloud and not using a proxy server:
- Create a key pair and provision the private key.
- Register the public key for each device using the
- Follow the steps in the docs for the relevant Location Service libraries in the nRF Connect SDK, including the REST library. For creating JWTs, see the
AT%JWTcommand and related library in the nRF91 AT Commands documentation.
These tutorials explain specific operations using the different components of Location Services:
- Using the evaluation token and service keys.
- Find location through one or more cell towers using REST.
- Cloud-to-cloud cellular integration guide.
- Find location through Wi-Fi networks.
- GPS assistance.
This section provides possible solutions to Location Services issues.
I cannot get a GNSS fix
Some older DKs might have difficulty getting a GNSS fix. Check that your device meets the prerequisites. If it does not have an internal GNSS antenna, attach an external antenna, or query the device location using cellular.
If your device has a newer nRF9160 SiP and you are still having trouble getting a GNSS fix, try the following:
- Place the device near a window with a clear view of the sky.
- Ensure that the device connection is stable.
- Query the device location with an alternative method that does not require the GNSS receiver, such as cell location.
I cannot get cell location data
If your device is otherwise functioning normally, try the following to correct cellular issues:
- If you have physical access to the device, open the LTE Link Monitor application of nRF Connect for Desktop to check the connection status:
- Check that the correct COM port is selected.
- Check which network the device is connected to and signal strength in the left panel.
- There is occasionally a delay in establishing a connection after the device starts up or resets. See if the device functions as expected after two or three minutes. If it still does not connect, push the RESET button on the device.
- Check with your cellular network provider to make sure there is coverage in your area.
- Check that your device's SIM card still has data:
- Sign in to the nRF Cloud portal.
- Click SIM cards in the navigation bar on the left.
- Buy more data for your SIM card if necessary.